Can Alzheimer’s disease start in the twenties? Here are the early signs of Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common types of dementia, and while the classic symptoms of the disease often begin after the age of 65, new research published in the journal Neurology indicates that beta-amyloid proteins that form plaques in the brain may begin to build up as early as your 20s. The researchers saw how beta-amyloid proteins gradually accumulate throughout life and backed up previous research that found these plaques in the brain decades before Alzheimer’s symptoms appeared. Early diagnosis of the disease can help manage symptoms effectively. (Also read: Is there a link between Alzheimer’s disease and gut health? Here’s what one study says)

In some people, about 5% of the population has the disease, symptoms can begin as early as about 30 years of age; This is called early Alzheimer’s disease. Symptoms are very similar to other forms of Alzheimer’s disease. Forgetfulness, confusion about their surroundings, difficulty doing complex tasks, and language problems can also indicate early Alzheimer’s disease.

“Usually when we think of Alzheimer’s and dementia, you think of an elderly person who is confused, but beware. There is a type of Alzheimer’s called early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. This is usually before 65 years,” says Dr. Sherish Hastak. , Neurologist and Regional Director of Neurology, Stroke and Neurological Care at Barrel Global Hospital, Mumbai.

While classic Alzheimer’s disease usually begins after 65 years of age, Alzheimer’s disease may begin as early as 30 years of age, the age at which people do not suspect disease progression.

“The real problem with early onset Alzheimer’s is that it can be completely overlooked. Diagnosis is very difficult because younger people don’t expect Alzheimer’s disease and they don’t have any easy test to confirm it. It’s a clinical diagnosis that may be reinforced – neuropsychological tests and special imaging. The reason why it didn’t happen.” Because you may not expect Alzheimer’s at this age and it may have a different presentation than late-onset disease,” says Dr. Hastack.

What does early onset Alzheimer’s look like?

Alzheimer’s disease, which starts early in young adults, can be confused with mental health problems such as depression or anxiety. If a person undergoes changes in behavior or language use, they should be screened for disease.

“An early-onset Alzheimer’s patient may not have memory problems and may have more disturbances in language, vision/mood and behavior. That is why these patients are often diagnosed as having depression, anxiety, or psychiatric problems rather than Alzheimer’s disease.” People should keep in mind that some changes in language, visual disturbances, and altered mood behavior in a young person could be an early onset of Alzheimer’s disease,” says Dr. Hastack.

He adds that the classic features of Alzheimer’s disease are memory problems such as forgetfulness, misplacing things, forgetting what is today and recent memory being affected much more than long-term memory in the disorder. Other symptoms of classic Alzheimer’s disease are that the person may have difficulty performing complex tasks and may get lost in familiar surroundings.

“Finally, there is a rare genetic form of Alzheimer’s disease that is also early onset and is autosomal dominant, so in early onset Alzheimer’s it is important to check if anyone else in the family has a similar disorder,” says Dr. Hastack.

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