What is monkeypox and how worried are we? | monkeypox

The World Health Organization has declared the outbreak of monkeypox a global health emergency.

While countries in Europe have been the hardest hit, cases have also been reported in the United States, Canada, Australia, Nigeria, Israel, Brazil and Mexico, among others.

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a viral infection commonly found in central and western Africa. Cases, usually small clusters or isolated infections, are sometimes diagnosed in other countries, including the UK where the first case was recorded in 2018 in a person believed to have contracted the virus in Nigeria.

There are two forms of monkeypox, a milder strain in West Africa, and a more severe strain in Central Africa, or the Congo strain. The current international outbreak appears to include the West African strain, although not all countries have published such information.

According to the UK’s Health Security Agency, early symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes and chills, as well as other features such as fatigue.

“The rash can develop, often starting on the face, and then spreading to other parts of the body, including the genitals,” says UKHSA. “The rash changes and goes through different stages, and can look like chickenpox or syphilis, before eventually forming a scab that later falls off.”

Most patients recover from monkeypox within a few weeks.

how is he mushroom?

Monkeypox does not spread easily between humans, and it requires close contact. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, human-to-human transmission is believed to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets.

“Respiratory droplets generally cannot travel more than a few feet, so prolonged face-to-face contact is required,” the CDC says. “Other methods of human-to-human transmission include direct contact with body fluids or pest material, and indirect contact with pest material, such as contaminated clothing or linens.”

Where were the cases found?

Globally, there have so far been 16,016 cases of monkeypox – 4,132 of them in the past week, according to WHO data. It is now in 75 countries and territories and there have been five deaths.

The European region recorded the largest number of total cases, at 11,865, and the highest increase in the past seven days, with 2,705.

How do you hold it?

The World Health Organization said the outbreak was largely among men who had sex with men who had recently reported having sex with new or multiple partners. However, experts stressed that anyone can contract monkeypox because it spreads through close or intimate contact, with the United Nations warning that some media portrayals of Africans, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people “reinforce racist and racist stereotypes of LGBT people and increase stigma.”

how worried We must be

The West African monkeypox strain is generally considered a mild infection for most people, but it is important that infected people are identified and their contacts identified. The virus is a greater concern among those at risk such as those with compromised immune systems or pregnant women.

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