What do you know about polio and the first case in the United States in nearly 10 years | health news

Health authorities say the issue may have originated outside the United States.

The first case of polio in the United States was identified nearly 10 years ago in New York state in an unvaccinated young man.

The New York State Department of Health said in a statement Thursday that the case in Rockland County may have originated outside the United States.

The person is no longer considered contagious, but investigators are trying to find out how the infection occurred and whether others have been exposed to it. Officials also asked health care providers to look for more cases and urged people in the area who haven’t been vaccinated to get vaccinated.

According to a report by the Washington Post, the patient has been discharged and is living in his parents’ home with his wife. He can stand but has difficulty walking.

Here’s what you need to know about the disease.

What is polio disease?

  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), polio is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the polio virus.
  • The virus spreads from person to person and is highly contagious. A severe case of polio involves nerve injury that can lead to paralysis, breathing difficulties, and even death.
  • Spread can occur through the fecal-oral route or through contaminated water or food.
  • According to the World Health Organization, the virus enters the body through the mouth and multiplies in the intestine.
  • The disease mainly affects children under the age of five.

What are the symptoms?

  • The World Health Organization says that up to 90 percent of those infected will have no or mild symptoms, and the disease often goes unrecognized.
  • For others, initial symptoms can include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, and pain in the extremities.
  • These symptoms can last from two to five days and then disappear.
  • However, a smaller percentage of those infected can develop symptoms that can affect the brain and spinal cord.
  • According to the World Health Organization, paralysis can occur within a few hours of infection. Of those who are paralyzed, 5 to 10 percent die when they are unable to move the breathing muscles.

Can polio be cured?

  • The World Health Organization says there is no cure for polio but it can be prevented with vaccines.
  • Polio treatments focus on reducing and relieving symptoms. Physical therapy can help stimulate the muscles, while medications also help with relaxation. These treatments can improve movement but cannot reverse permanent polio.
  • However, two vaccines are available: oral polio and inactivated polio. Vaccinations against the disease mean that it is rare in most parts of the world.

What is the duration of vaccine protection?

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says it is unclear how long people who have received the vaccine will be immune, but they are likely protected for many years after a full series of [vaccines]”.

Has polio been eradicated in the United States and elsewhere?

  • Since 1979, there have been no cases of polio in the United States. However, the virus has reached the country via travelers.
  • According to the US authorities, the recent polio cases in the country were not wild strains; The last known one recorded by the CDC was in 2013.
  • The United States experienced an outbreak of polio in the 1940s, disabling more than 35,000 people each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • The World Health Organization says that of the three strains of poliovirus, type 2 was eradicated in 1999, and no cases of type 3 have been found since a case reported in Nigeria in 2012. As of 2020, the type affects The first is on only two countries: Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • Cases globally have fallen by 99 percent since 1988 when polio was endemic, and 350,000 cases have been recorded globally. In 2021, six cases were reported, according to the World Health Organization.

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